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Exaro News Archive

Gaddafi told: ‘I am not starting World War III for you’

Uncovered: Gorbachev’s warning to Libyan leader after terrorist attack in Germany By Pavel Stroilov | 22 August 2011 Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev told Muammar Gaddafi that he would not “start the Third World War” for him over an American air attack on Libya. The comments were made in the wake of a terrorist attack – blamed by America […]

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Syria asked Soviets to help alliance with Iran against Israel

By Pavel Stroilov | 27 July 2011 Syria sought Soviet help to build an anti-Israel alliance with Iran despite its long conflict with Iraq. Newly uncovered diplomatic documents from a Soviet archive show how Syria’s then president, the late Hafez Assad, tried to build the united front despite being a long-standing ally of Iraq. Soviet-Iranian relations also were […]

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France and USSR tried to restrain America over Iraq

By Pavel Stroilov | 22 July 2011 France and the Soviet Union embarked on a diplomatic effort to restrain America even after it began military action over Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. Francois Mitterrand, then president of France, telephoned his then Soviet counterpart, Mikhail Gorbachev, the day after US-led forces began air strikes in Iraq in January 1991. The […]

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Gorbachev persuaded US to give peace a chance

By Pavel Stroilov | 30 June 2011 Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev persuaded his American opposite number to support the USSR’s proposed peace plan for Saddam Hussein over Kuwait in 1990. The secret of the meeting between the two presidents at a summit in Helsinki in September 1990 shows how George Bush senior was initially sceptical about Gorbachev’s proposed peace plan, especially the […]

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USSR was offered $30bn loans for troops against Iraq

Businessman made offer from two former Japanese PMs over Kuwait crisis By Pavel Stroilov | 14 July 2011 Up to $30 billion in loans were offered to the Soviets in 1990 in return for sending troops to help remove Iraq from Kuwait. The astonishing offer – apparently conveyed by a leading businessman on behalf of […]

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Saddam rejected US-Soviet peace plan over Kuwait

By Pavel Stroilov | 30 June 2011 America and the Soviet Union failed with their secret peace plan to avert the war with Iraq over Kuwait after Saddam Hussein rejected it. Following US president George Bush senior’s secret agreement to a Soviet attempt to “sound out” the then Iraqi president over the possible deal, the Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, sent […]

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Bush Snr demanded secrecy for peace bid to Baghdad

By Pavel Stroilov | 30 June 2011 US president George Bush senior only agreed to back the Soviet peace bid to Iraq over Kuwait if the background to it was kept secret. In the smuggled transcript of his meeting in September 1990 at a summit in Helsinki with the then Soviet president, Mikhail Gorbachev, Bush is recorded as saying: “I am concerned […]

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America agreed Gorbachev’s bid to ‘sound out’ Saddam

By Pavel Stroilov | 30 June 2011 US president George Bush senior agreed to a Soviet attempt to “sound out” Saddam Hussein over a possible peace deal to stop war over Kuwait. Mikhail Gorbachev, the then Soviet president, according to the secret transcript of his meeting with Bush at a summit in Helsinki in September 1990, cited the view […]

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US sought Soviet help for Middle East problems

By Pavel Stroilov | 30 June 2011 US president George Bush senior invited the Soviet Union to work with America to tackle tensions in the Middle East. This marked a reversal of US policy, Bush told his Soviet opposite number, Mikhail Gorbachev, during talks about a peace plan proposed to Saddam Hussein to avert the war with […]

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Gorbachev’s peace plan for Saddam over Kuwait

By Pavel Stroilov | 30 June 2011 Moscow wanted to link the Israel-Palestine conflict to a peace deal with Saddam Hussein to secure Iraq’s withdrawal from Kuwait in 1990. The then Soviet president, Mikhail Gorbachev, sought to persuade his American counterpart, George Bush senior, of his ambitious peace plan, according to the secret transcript of a meeting between […]